Ninh explains:- The Rules of Arena Football The object of the game is for your team toscore more points than the opposing team.
Arena Football, sometimes known as IndoorFootball or Indoor American Football, is a variation of played Indoors on a shorter fieldwith smaller posts.
Teams are made up of 24 players in the AFL, with 8 players taking the field at any one time.
The field is 50 yards long by 85ft wide, withtwo 8 yard endzones at each end.
White markings on the field help players, referee’s and spectators keep track of what’s going on.
The game starts with a kickoff.
The team with possession of the ball is known as the offense, and the team without the ballis the defense.
The job of the offense is to move the ballup the field and score points.
This can be done by either running forwardswith the ball, or by throwing it up the field for a teammate to catch.
The offense is given 4 chances (or 4 downs)to make at least 10 yards.
If the offense manages to move the ball 10yards or more, they will retain possession of the ball whilst given another 4 downs tomake another 10 yards.
On your TV screen, you will see this graphic.
This tells you what down the team is on and this tells you how many yards they need tomake.
The defence’s job is to stop the offensemoving the ball forwards by tackling.
This includes pulling them to the ground, stopping them from moving forward or forcing them into the side barriers of the field.
If the offense fails to move the ball 10 yardswithin 4 downs, the ball is given to the defending team at that point.
The defending team will then bring on their offensive players and try and move the ballin the opposite direction so that they can score.
Unlike normal American Football, punting isnot allowed – so on the last down, teams will usually kick for goal or try and geta touchdown.
The teams will usually have three differentunits of 8 players that come on the field at different times.
They include: The Offense.
These players will usually come on the field when they have possession of the ball.
The offensive unit consists of these positions The quarterback is the most important playeron the field as he’s the one who decides to pass the ball up the field, hand it offto a teammate so that they can run with it, or run with it himself.
These offensive line positions are usually responsible for protecting the quarterback.
The tight end has to designate himself as the tight end, and line up opposite the opposingjack linebacker.
The wide receivers are responsible for runningdown the field to catch the ball thrown by the quarterback, The full back is responsible for running with the ball up the field.
The DefenseThese players will usually come on the field when the other team has the ball.
The defensive unit consists of these positions – The defensive line is responsible for movingpast the offensive line.
The Mac linebacker may attack the quarterback.
The Jack linebacker must stay behind the line of scrimmage but may move 5 yards laterallyand backwards.
And the defensive backs try and stop the widereceivers and passes up the middle of the field.
Special teams are specialist players that come on the field when there is a kick involved.
Within the special teams is a mix of offensive and defensive players mixed with either akicker for offense, or a kick returner for defense.
Now you know what all the players do and howthe game is played.
But how do you score? In Arena Football, there’s several differentways of scoring: 1.
Touchdown:The main way of scoring is via a touchdown.
If the ball is carried into the endzone area, or thrown and caught in the endzone, this is a touchdown and is worth 6 points.
Unlike in Rugby, you do not need to touch the ball down on the ground, all you haveto do is cross the line with the nose of the ball to score.
Once a touchdown has been scored, you have the option of kicking it through the uprightsfor an extra point, or try and pass or run the ball into the endzone again for an extratwo points.
You can also drop the ball onto the floorand kick it through the uprights, and this also scores two points.
Most teams play it safe and go with the one point.
At any time, the team with the ball can kick the ball between the posts and over the crossbar.
To do this, they must hand it to a teammate who will hold it on the ground ready for akicker to make the kick.
A successful kick scores 3 points.
Drop KickAt any time, the team with the ball can drop the ball onto the floor and kick the ballbetween the posts and over the crossbar.
This is harder than a field goal, but scores morepoints.
A successful kick scores 4 points.
SafetyIf the defense tackles an offensive player behind his own goal line, the defending teamscores two points.
The game is played in 4 x 15 minute quarters, for a combined playing time of 60 minutes.
Highest score at the end of 60 minutes wins.
Ties are rare in American Football, and overtime periods are played if necessary to determinea winner.
Different indoor leagues have different rules about tie games.
Is that it? Is that all I need to know.
Well, you’re almost there, but Arena Footballis filled with lots of rules, and you’ll need to understand a few more of them beforeyou watch or play a game.
REBOUND NETSRebound nets are positioned at each sides of the goalposts.
They’re 30ft wide and32 feet high and if any kick or pass hits the nets and comes back into the field ofplay – it’s open season and the ball can be caught by any player.
FUMBLEIf a ball carrier or passer drops the ball, that’s a fumble.
Any player on the field canrecover the ball by diving on it or he can run with it.
The team that recovers a fumblegets possession of the ball.
INTERCEPTIONAn aggressive defense can regain possession of the ball by catching (intercepting) passesthat are meant for players on the other team.
Both fumble recoveries and interceptions canbe run back into the end zone for touchdowns.
SACKIf the defense tackles a Quarterback whilst he has possession of the ball, this is knownas a ‘sack’.
This is detrimental to the offense, as a down is wasted and it usuallyresults in a loss of yards.
INCOMPLETE PASSIf a pass intended to a receiver hits the ground first, it is ruled an incomplete pass.
A down is wasted and play restarts from the sport of the last down.
PENALTYIf a player breaks one of the rules, referees will throw flags onto the field.
They will determine who made the foul and how many yards his team should be penalised.
TIMEOUTSIf a team wants to stop the clock to regroup, take a break or discuss strategy, they areallowed three time-outs per half.
Each time out lasts 60 seconds.
Players get a breakof 12 minutes at half time.
This is all a lot to take in, but once youstart playing or watching Arena Football, the rules will become clear.
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In the meantime – enjoy Arena Football orIndoor Football if you prefer.