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Beast IPTV 24h Test The-History-of-the-Football-Transfer-System-Explained


[Music] transfers have become an integral part of the entertainment product that football is today the excitement over the movement of players used to fill the back pages in the summer when domestic football had a break now transfer gossip columns are updated on a daily basis and while we

are familiar with the process that leads to a transfer today the system has taken many different forms over the last century and a half the evolution of the system can be best characterized as a tug of war between the clubs and the players over who has the bargaining

power when it comes to transfers the momentum has shifted from side to side but now seems to have come to rest with the players as illustrated two years ago by Neymar’s decision to move from Barcelona to PSG against the wishes of his former club and the origins of

the transfer system can be traced back to the 1880s before being a football player was a legal profession despite clubs paying players being illegal numerous instances of under-the-counter payments were made by club owners to entice the best players owners did not chase profitability but utility maximization or in

other words success on the playing field this is one of the overarching differences between the American sporting model designed to protect the financial stability of a sports club by avoiding the threat of relegation and the European model forever chasing sporting glory despite the financial losses because of this

phenomenon before 1885 the players held the bargaining power as there were no professional contracts the best players were effectively mercenaries for hire able to move wherever they wanted whenever they wanted the FA realizing the negative affect club hopping was having on the integrity of their competition decided to

take action the result was the professionalization of football in 1885 which required all professional players to be registered with the FA this birthed the retain and transfer system with clubs feeling that they deserved to be compensated for losing the registration and playing ability of a particular player the

key difference between this system and the transfer market today is that players were unable to move for free when their contract expired the clubs had the bargaining power and could decide to retain the players registration and offer him a contract you one-year deal at least as good as

his expiring Dale or wait for another club to offer a transfer fee deemed suitable to buy out the players registration in terms of sporting integrity this legislative change halted club-hopping and was designed to benefit the smaller clubs who could keep their better players or receive hefty compensation in

return for losing them there are also maximum and minimum salary caps to control player wages and protect club’s financial stability the pendulum of power was now firmly on the side of the clubs the system effectively allowed the clubs to hold a monopoly over the players registration with any

transfer requiring the approval of both the regulatory body the FA and the club holding the players registration that being said owners were still fanatically obsessed with chasing football and glory which meant that the maximum wage cap was often illegally broken by the club directors desperate to entice and

reward the biggest talents the Players Union now known as the professional footballers Association had a better relationship with the Football League during the 1900s threatening strikes and campaigning which had the minimal effect of a steady slow increase of the maximum wage it was no surprise when top-quality players

like John Charles and Jimmy Greaves went abroad in the 1950s lured by superior pay the 1960’s famous for its hippie culture and freedom movements saw the first real change in direction for the pendulum the first impactful instance was the Ministry of Labor’s abolition of the maximum wage in

English football in 1961 following the threat of more strike action from the PFA this gave players more bargaining power in terms of pitting clubs against each other for the highest wage offer it also meant that players were able to put themselves on the transfer list if they rejected

the terms of their employing club’s new contract whilst crucially still being paid during the players search for a new club the second tide turning moment occurred in 1963 George Easton requested a transfer from Newcastle United in 1959 and after the club refused Eastham decided not to sign the

retaining contract offered with the help of the PFA and its chairman Jimmy Hill Easton finally got his move to Arsenal in 1960 after a publicity war the PFA pushed the case to court for further amendments to the retain and transfer system judge Wilberforce ruled in favor of Eastham

and the football authorities were forced to reject the system so that players reaching the end of their contract could leave on a free transfer if the employing club failed to offer a new contract at least as favorable as the expiring deal clubs still held the majority of influence

when it came to transfers and contracts but players could now be paid more than ever and if not offered a continuous or upgraded contract were free to move without being held hostage for a suitable transfer fee after more PFA campaigning 1977 sought freedom of contract introduced were a

player having fulfilled his contractual obligations was free to make the best deal he could with any club offering terms the club holding the players registration was entitled to a compensation fee if they offered a new contract which was at least as favorable as the last a tribunal system

was also established to fix a transfer price if the holding club and the bidding club could not agree on a deal at this point the pendulum seemed more central than ever had been before with both the players and clubs enjoying a certain amount of bargaining power the next

revelation however blew the doors of the retain and transfer system enabling the modern transfer market to be born the last barrier being the necessity for a transfer fee despite a player’s contract expiring outside of football the European Union signed the Maastricht Treaty in 1992 which allowed the freedom

of labor movement across the continent they set the stage for jean-marc Bosman to change football seismically in 1990 aussi Liege Bosmans then club offered him a contract with a reduced salary from 120 thousand francs to 30 thousand but French club Dunkirk offered bossman 100 thousand francs Liege denied

Bosman the transfer over concerns that the rival club could not afford his transfer fee Bosman took Liege the Belgian FA and UEFA to the European Court of Justice on the grounds that they had unlawfully restricted his labor market mobility which was against article 39 of the European treaty

and Bosman won the aftermath laid the groundwork for the transfer system as it is today foreign player quotas within UEFA competitions were dismantled and a freedom of contract for players moving between countries within the EU was established players were no longer held hostage by the registration by out

transfer fees when their contract expired as a result wages started to inflate due to increased player bargaining power European Football League’s drastically increased in diversity and Club started offering longer term contracts three four five years being the norm in the hope of wrestling some control back transfer fees

were no longer related to a player’s registration instead being a method of buying a player out of his contract with his employing club and there’s no doubt that the bargaining pendulum of power is now comfortably with the players the clearest indication of this is the rise in prominence

of agents agents unsurprisingly are better at negotiating complicated financial documents than football players and so it became essential for players to hire agents to protect themselves from clubs who were desperate to take advantage of their new unprivileged position the balance of power is now at a delicate stage

with clubs having lost much of their previous vice-like grip there is more of an unwritten rule of respect between players and owners players willingly sign longer contracts so that clubs can extract a fee if they move on in the future and clubs will generally allow players to move

if they express the desire the pastures new certain cases like the Neymar deal however threatened that respectful relationship and could set in motion further legislative changes in the future [Music] [Music] you [Music]

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